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Discovering South Sudan

Country Name: South Sudan

Official Name: Republic of South Sudan

Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic

Capital: Juba

Area: 644,329 kmĀ² (248,777 sq mi)

Population: Approximately 12.4 million (as of 2023, estimated)

Currency: South Sudanese Pound (SSP)

Official Language: English

Time Zone: East Africa Time (UTC+3)

Driving Side: Right


South Sudan is a landlocked country located in East-Central Africa. It shares borders with Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. The country consists mainly of tropical grasslands, swamps, and rainforests. The White Nile River runs through the heart of South Sudan, providing a vital water source for both people and wildlife.


South Sudan's economy is one of the most underdeveloped and fragile in the world. The country has abundant natural resources for most of its export revenue, including oil. However, ongoing conflict, political instability, and weak infrastructure have severely impacted the economy. Agriculture, primarily subsistence farming, is the main source of livelihood for the majority of the population. South Sudan heavily depends on foreign aid and faces numerous challenges, including high inflation, food insecurity, and limited access to basic services.


South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, becoming the world's youngest nation. The country is a federal presidential constitutional republic, with the President serving as both the head of state and the head of government. The current President is Salva Kiir Mayardit, who has held the position since the country's independence. However, political instability, factionalism, and ongoing conflict between government forces and various rebel groups have plagued the country since its inception.

Society and Culture:

South Sudan is a culturally diverse nation with over 60 ethnic groups, each with its language and traditions. The largest ethnic group is the Dinka, followed by the Nuer and the Shilluk. English is the official language, but many South Sudanese also speak their ethnic languages and Arabic. The population is predominantly Christian, with a minority practicing traditional African religions or Islam.


Tourism in South Sudan is limited due to ongoing conflict and a need for more infrastructure. However, the country has significant potential for eco-tourism and wildlife tourism, with diverse ecosystems and an array of wildlife, including elephants, giraffes, and various antelope species. The Boma National Park, Nimule National Park, and the Sudd wetlands are natural attractions that could draw tourists if the security situation improves and the necessary infrastructure is developed.


South Sudan faces numerous challenges, including ongoing armed conflicts, political instability, widespread poverty, and a lack of basic services such as healthcare, education, and clean water. The country also grapples with many internally displaced persons and refugees, food insecurity, and malnutrition. Furthermore, corruption and weak governance have hindered infrastructure development and the effective utilization of the country's natural resources.

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